The 4 Types of Learners

“Learning never exhausts the mind.” – Leonardo da Vinci, thinker, inventor, and painter with dyslexia

Students absorb information in a variety of ways. Depending on the way they best comprehend topics and lessons, children can be classified as either visual, auditory, reading and writing, or kinesthetic learners. Most students, however, find their learning style to fit into more than one category, and accordingly, are best reached through multisensory instruction. It’s crucial for teachers, instructors, and tutors to prepare and implement lesson plans that resonate with each of their students and align with their preferred learning methods. As ADHD, dyslexia, and difficulties with executive function inhibit focus and comprehension, it’s especially important for teachers to understand these four different types of learners to effectively teach children with learning differences.

Visual Learners

Visual learners are often artistic and enjoy drawing and note-taking, and learn best from charts, graphs, and diagrams. Flow charts and organized demonstrations help visual learners to connect concepts via sight, which is how this type of learner processes information most efficiently. Additionally, visual learners comprehend information better when it’s displayed in a pattern or graphic presentation.  

Auditory Learners

Auditory learners are often outspoken and can effectively comprehend concepts by verbally expressing thoughts while attempting to understand them at the same time, and they retain information best when it is presented and reinforced by sound. Accordingly, new material resonates best with auditory learners when it’s heard or spoken and then repeated. Effective methods of instruction for auditory learners include group discussions, reading aloud, question and answer sessions, and interactive videos or recordings.

Reading and Writing Learners

Reading and writing learners are great researchers and display the best retention through books, writing work, note-taking, and online research, and absorb new information best from reading or writing words directly. Essays, reading assignments, and rewriting notes are the most productive methods for reading and writing learners to retain information.

Kinesthetic Learners

The word “kinesthetic” refers to the awareness and experience of body positioning and movement. Kinesthetic learners prefer tactile learning and interaction for optimal comprehension and exhibit the best recollection from first-hand experiences, active participation, and mobile demonstrations. The best ways for teachers to reach kinesthetic learners include coordinating hand signals with new information, implementing learning games with significant classroom exploration, and incorporating any type of movement and physical activity into lesson plans.

Understanding the way each child learns best is crucial to a student’s success in the classroom. Additionally, it’s important to remember that children with learning differences benefit most from strategic multisensory instruction or the structured combination of more than one style of teaching.

How Hill Learning Center Can Help

We can make a difference. Hill Learning Center is dedicated to transforming students with learning differences and challenges into confident, independent learners. Contact us if you’re interested in taking the next step.


Sources: Wiley Online Library

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